The Weather

Todavy—Fair. windy and

with highest about 34 degrees. Wecdnes-

day—Fair and quite col temperatures: High, low, 38 at 12:05 a. m 30.)

63 at 3:50 p (Details on Page

quite cold

d. Monday's m

The W


Times Herald




79th Year No. 57

Phone RE.


rrigeht. 19 The washines on Post




ARX di,

WTOP Radio (1500)

TV (Ch. 9)


ee ee ee —_


Both Houses Get Bill

For Transit Authority

Senate Committee Sets Hearing Today ; House Unit Seeks Views of Agencies Richard 1... Lyons Rial Reporter

The District Commis- sioners’ bill to create a public transit authority was introduced in the House and Senate yesterday with as- suirances that it will be con- sidered as quickly as possible

Senate District eo Chairman Matthew Neely (D-W. Va.) filed the an in the Senate and then called a meet ing of his Committee for 3:30 Dp. m. today to decide when to hold hearings and whether it should be handled by the full Committee or a subcom- mitlee

The Senate sent the bill



to the District

Baltimore Tied Up By Transit Strike

Traffic clogged Baltimore gtreets vesterday when bus and trolley drivers and maintenance men went on strike. See Page 14.


Committee despite the fact that his opposite number in the House had referred an identical bill to mittee

Neely introduced the bill as written to speed it on its way, but ‘announced he will seek amendments later to knock out an anti-strike clause and to write in collective bargaining provisions for employes of the transit au

The no bill creating a.

S. Hyde (R- Md.) whose}, suburban constituents ride’ Capital Transit buses, and by Rep. Oren Harris (D-Ark.), chairman of the Commefce sub- committee that will Handle it.

Harris said Committee would “immediately aeek” views of Government agencies integested in the bill and would ago “expedite con- sideration of is pressing prob- lem.”

Harris said he had formed no opinion on the bill which would empower a five-man Dis- trict authority to sell revenue bonds and borrow up to $20 million from the Federal Gov- ernment to operate a_ transit system when Capital Transit’s right to operate runs out Aug. 14.

Harris’ was w@il back- grounded in the problem last summer when as a, District Committee member he helped write the bill canceling CTC’'s franchise as a means of ending the 52-day transit strike. Reps. Joseph P. O'Hara (R-Minn.) and John Bell Williams (D-Miss.) also serve on both the District Committee and Harris’ Com. merce subcommittee.

Rep. J. Percy Priest (D-Tenn.), chairman of the full - House) Commerce Committee, said the) committee will act as speedily as it ean with a heavy work schedule. “We realize the need for expeditious action,” he said

Hyde said he still hoped .a private operator would come forward to take over the tran- sit system. He said he had in- troduced the Commissioners’ | bill because “if private capital does not come in... 4 public authority must be established.”

Want Ad Rents Rooms Before Noon

‘" vented both of my tooms hefore naon the first day, and had @nany, many calls after- ward,“ disclosed Florence L. Olive, 1123 Colonial Ave., Alex,

Va, about the fesuifis of her

want ad in The ee and Times Herald,” a nent -yudhiherieamiea lie faster through The Washington Post and Times Herald-—reach- ing 381,000 families daily, 130,000 mpre than any other Paper in town. Simo! i}

RE. 7-1284

the Commerce Com.’

the Commerce |

Mother Pries Child


From Crocodile Jaws

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa, Jan. 30 —An Af rican woman fought a six-

crocodile bare-handed rescue her 6-year-old daughter from the jaws of the big reptile, it was re- ported today.

The child lost a leg, but doctors have hopes of sav- ing her life

The crocodile snatched the child from the banks of the Umbuluzi River Swaziland. The mother waded the water. straddied the crocodile and waged a tug-of-war with it untH it gave up its prey

The crocodile later shot by a European farmer.

foot to




_——— a

Caffey Denies Praising Bias


In Racial Talk

General's Remarks

In Georgia Called

‘Misinterpreted’ By John G. Norris Bia Revorter

Maj. Gen. Eugene M. Caffey.

Judge Advocate General of the Army, stirred up a round of explanations yesterday after télling the Georgia Legislature that he liked a Southern Con- gressmans recent speech at- tacking the Supreme Court's school integration ruling

News services reported that the Army's top legal officer tol the Georgia House that “if were going to make a4 speech, f would hope to make one like

at.” The speech was made Jan. 24 by United States Rep John J. Flynt (D-Ga.).

The United Press described Fiynt's address as “a bitter at- tack on the Federal Govern- ‘ment and United States Su-


} Bill Perils Lelinesol School Board Election

A bill introduced by Del. Moncure would end election ef Arlington School Board members and have them ap- | pointed, See Page 146.

preme Court for recent racial integration orders.”

The news service said the Georgia legislators “applauded with enthusiasm” after Caffey made his remarks. The Judge Advocate General then went over to the Georgia Senate. where he was further quoted as saying: “There was a lot of meat in that speech . . Il, for one, admit it

Last night, a statement

the Army issued saying that Ma). Gen. Guy S. Meloy, Army chief of public information, « had talked with Caffey by phone and that Caffey had said his remarks had been “misinter- preted.

“Congressman Flynt is a friend of mine, but nothing ! said was an indorsement of any- one or anything.” the Army quoted Caffey as saying. simply paid tribute to Jack Fiynt’s ability to make a speech.” | - The United Press said Caffey recounted that he had dinner in Washington recently with Flynt, who let him read a copy of the speech. The news service

By Henrys Rohiand Staff Photographer

_ Britisa Prime Minister Anthony Eden takes the epotlight as he meets the press on his arrival in Washington yesterday

eee ee

O'Mahoney Addresses Car Dealers

Resort Agog Over Trial of Law Makin

Police Chief

Ry Aubrey Graves

Stal Reporter VIRGINIA BEACH, Va., Jan ee apes —EX on

et ths sear’ Sen. Joseph C. O'Mahoney city of 7500 today. as the trial (D-Wya) told more than 4300 of Police Chief Reeves E. John- cheering, applauding automo son drew near. bile dealers yesterday that

At 7:30 p. m. Tuesday in : Police Court here. Chief John, there ought ¢o be @ Federal law would prevent manufac-

son will face charges of having that offered $500 to Silas Fletcher, turers from forcing too many an ex-Marine Corps. boxer, tO 447. on dealers. beat up J. Willcox Dunn. O’Mah hel oe Wee Bie

Dunn is editor of a crusad. peaneety Spay S ume BY ing weekly newspaper, The mal opening session of the 39th Princess Anne Free Press, @ annual convention of the Na a tag on ie * re tional Automobile Dealers As

achine tha as dominate We Db politics in this county for a accia' at the Sheraton-Park quarter century. tiotel. tle called for a sales

Dunn has been outspokenly contract between dealers and critical in print about what he manufacturers that carried called illegal practices involv- |... icions of mutual responsi- ing gambling and liquor in the , “a ‘bl nightclubs at the beach and Dility and (was) enforceable in

the courts The Senator was interrupted

elsewhere in the county. On Dec. 5, 1955, Dunn wa slugged with a blackjack as ne by applause 39 times during his was unlocking his car on a hour-long speech. main street here He drew the loudest applause One month later a baseball and whistles and cheers when was thrown through a window he suggested that the dealer- of his residence. A few nights factory contract might include after that Navy Chief Jesse L..a provision that the factory Odey and Mrs. Peggy Quintana would bear “part of the loss re- See BEACH, Page 16, Col. 1 sulting from overproduction.” O'Mahoney suggested _ that the pattern of the contracts be 'established by Federal law so

La Prensa Set p they would “have a permanent l‘o Publish Again status, and not be subject to

fluctuation with the changes of managers.”

The senator heads the Judic iary Subcommittee on Antitrust!

By Paul Sampson


BUENOS AIRES, Argentina, Jan. 30 »—Dr. Alberto Gainza Paz said tonight his newspaper La Prensa will begin publish-'and Monupoly, which heard ing again Friday morning. This'auto dealers testify that fac will be five years and eight tories forced them to take ears days from the time the outspok- they could not sell at a profit en daily was silenced by the because of an oversupply. regime of juan D. Peron. The dealers jammed into the

also said that when a reporter:

asked Caffey in Atlanta if he “went along” with Flynt's at- tack on the Supreme Court,” the General replied:

“Listen, I'm not in politics.”

Caffey, 60, is a native of De- eatur, Ga., and a 1918 graduate of West Point. He became Judge Advocate General Feb.

Off Matsu Group |

TAIPEH Jam 70 (INS) i\Free China's Navy announced: ‘tonight that three of its patrol- ‘ling Warships waged a 10-min- ‘ute battle late Sunday night

“a aunt, of ‘Chinese ‘west of

age in the latest o series of such sea engage-

_)ments, a Taipeh naval head-)

quarters communique said. It added that the Red gun-


a safely to

Gunboats Fight |

| Capt.

2 mounting

boats were the first to open fre | February to ask for disability, ae is top man, after Proctor, land that the Nationalist naval!

Sanders Alse Seeks to Leave

huge Sheraton Hall ballroom in anticipation of hearing O'Ma- honey attack the franchise set- up. Many were turned away Those who got in weren't dis- appointed.

The senator the accom. paniment of applause) repeated- ly lashed out at the abuses he said had resulted from the pres. ent which he said made the dealer a “vassal” to the company.

O'Mahoney charged that manufacturers had “contrived the common form of franchise to put themselves in an im. pregnable position, while the dealer is at their mercy.”

“This not the American pattern .. .” O'Mahoney said “ht a pattern .. } which individuals find them. selves dealing with large co! porations by which they are as clearly outclassed as a feathe:

weight would be in the same ring with Marciano.”

O'Mahoney digressed for sev- eral minutes on the power of large rvorporations, frequently citing General Motors. He called GM a “private economic state” with gross revenues in 1955 that were more than one- third of the total gross incqme of all farms and ranches in America.

The Senator noted that ru- mors in recent days had it that automotive firms had “seen the handwriting on the wall” and were considering liberaliz- ing franchise provisions

O'Mahoney warned the auto

et eee ee




is new

Police Inspector Umbaugh to Retire;

Captain Rasmusen Slated

' (Pictures on Page 30.)

Ry Alfred E. Lewis Stat! Repertver

Proctor, 50, of 1909 U place se., whose 22 years service has in. Metropolitan Police Insp. Ir- cluded traffic experience and vin Umbaugh, 57, will retire duty in six precincts. March 1, after 34 years’ service!} Additional promotions in- His position will be filled by} elude: Sgt. Norman L. Richard- Thomas Rasmusen, 49, son of the First Precinct, to head of the First Precinct. lieutenant; Cpl. Ralph L. At the same time, it was/ Steines, Second Precinct, to leartted re Capt. Otha R.\sergeant; Pvt. Willie W., Harp ‘Sanders, 63, a veteran of 38 of the pistol range, to corporal.|

years’ service, also will seek re-| a? ‘st. se, has been in charge of

has been in'the Harbor Precinct. He has

property and both age and length of service

Hollin Hall.| required for normal retirement’

plans to spend his time! but has indicated he will seek) there and at another home he disability retirement.

‘owns at South River, Md. Cur- Speculation about filling his)

rently on sick leave, Umbaugh | vacancy centered around the

will appear before the Police name of Lt. Karl MeCormick,

Retirement Board early in, 50, of 2600 16th st., S. Arlington,

retirement. Civil Service list. If

25 years. Named to fill his posi- | McCormick will Fak as captain is Lt. Joseph L. 'Sanders*

ee of 1274 Delafield Ch

sen, follows, nce been a policeman his

the Robert V. Murrey radar it is believed fecti

for. His Job

move into

The name ‘of Capt. Layton, 43,.head of the gam- bling “squad, and one of the

highly tegarded men on =

foree, also was heard. It is lieved Layton will be bade for a future inspector's peeiiion; by putting him in charge of First Precinct.

Layton, who lives at

E st, Takoma Park, i

Sanders, who lives at 2958 M } served in plain clothes for 19

of his rod years on the force. As’ /head of the First Precinct, he

Stagione valuable uniform e TY Layton’s ition on

‘the gambling sq

it is be- lieved acting Capt. Todd Thoman, 51, a central figure recent bribery cases, will



a Topic;

Red China Hints

Formosan War

Nationalists Told U.S. Is Taking Them On Path Leading to

‘Momentary Doom’

TOKYO, Jan. 3T (Tuesday) Red China’s Premie: Chou En-lai, only a few hours before the Eden-Eisenhower talks in Washington, spoke Monday of preparing for war if necessary’ to take United States-protected For- mosa.

But he mentioned equal footing the duty ting the Nationalist “by peaceful means sible

Chou's speech to Red China's Political Consultative Conte ence was broadcast over Peip ing radio and heard in Tokyo just as Prime Minister Sir An thony Eden reached the Unit ed States

The speech apparently was timed with the opening of Washington meetings between President Fisenhower and Eden. who is expected to rec ommend concessions for Red

on an get stronghold if pos


i China.

2 Auto Sale Contracts Enforceable in Courts Is Urged

dealers, however, that it would be a mistake to think that factory<iealer problems could be solved without “the sanction of law te preserve the economic freedom ‘of dealers from cen- tral, management.”

Frank H. Yarnell, president of the NADA, who spoke at the opening session, also noted that indiéations were that im- proved contracts would “efist before too many montiis.”

Yarnall cautioned, however that an improved contract would not be a cure-all for the ills of the industry. He said the greatest damage to the in- dustry had been done by “mis. leading, unethical, and in some cases, false advertising.’

Although this problem, Yarnal! lising media policing ads

Yarnall also criticized dealers for “making a new out of a man who a4 used car buyer He ques tioned the policy of selling a man a new car at a very smal! profit, arranging long terms and taking the buyer out of the market for three years.

The conyéntion, attended by 10,000 auto dealers. continues through Wednesday. Speaker today include Sen. A. S. Mike Monroney (1D-Okla.) and Sec retary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks.

was a dealer said. adver shouid assist in

Car buvel

should be

Palestine Peace Pledged to U.N,


JERUSALEM, ar Sector (Tuesday), Jan. 31 #—United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold announced to- day the leaders of countries di-

rectly concerned in the Pales Une problem have reaffirmed

‘their determination to abstain from hostilities and setile al! conflicts by peaceful means.

The countries directly con- eerned are Israel and the sur- rounding Arab nations, partici- p#fits in the Palestine war of 1948.

—_— ——< —— _

John. B. |

‘by the people of their mother

| By Chou's

-- Ments

iman receptie® on

Chou said the Chinese Na tlonalists must choose between surrendering to Peiping with “an opportunity to be forgiven

British Disturbed Speech

Red Onin emier*® En-lai's speec esterday affirming the intention te fight for Formasa, if neceie sary, caused concern in Brit- ish official quarters. Page 4.

land” or cooperate with United States along a path leading to “momentary doom.” Chou's speech also , was timed with the latest peate of fensive from Moscow. Ne,in dorsed Soviet Premier “Bul ganin’s proposal for friendship pact with the Upited States President Eisenhower replied to the offer by saying a stroke of the pen cannot bring peace.” Chou said Bul ganin’s offer “cannot be pushed aside by an offhand rejection.” (The United said Communist Premier again pro posed that the United States join Red China in an Asia-wide pact of collective security” replace’ the antagonistic mili tary alliances.’ (Chou complained “prolonged dragging oui” the Red China-United States talks in Geneva “prevents. a solution to tension in the Tai wan-Formosa area At Geneva Red China demanding that United States Ambassador | Alexis Johnson discuss lifting the embargo on strategic ship The United States wants Red China to renounce use of force in the Formosa area and return the remaining affrested American civilians [The Premier also called fo: a reconvening of the Geneva conference on Indochina to “in sure’ that unification elettions be held there this year and pro posed a Far Eastern conference on the unifying of Korea,

Bulganin Back, Office Reports


MOSCOW, Jan 30—~Russian Premier Nikolai Bulganin was

Pr ess




back at work today after a four-'

week duties, said.

The Premier's last appearance in public was at an East Ger Jan. 3.

absence from public a member of his office

Gor crapetee Called inadequate

" New


Laide the}British Minister

a 20-year |

the +}

ee ee

Prime Minister Praises Reply Of President to

Bulganin Note Israel Rejects Offer

ISRAEL'S ENVOY Eban says British offer on Middle East mediation is unacceptable to Israel Page 3]

The Meeting Here



By Chalmers M

Staff Repo

President Eisenhower and British Prime Minister An- thony Eden yesterday agreed on the meaning of recent Russian policies and tactics and then plunged into the problem of what to do about mounting tensions in the Middle East



or conclusions on the Middle talks will go on, newsmen were told by Amert- can and British spokesman at the end of yesterday's meetings. The FEisenhower-Eden discus- sions began at a White House luncheon less than two hours after the Prime Minister had flown aboard the President's plane to Washington from York, where he had ar- rived by ship. The talks will coptinue through Wednesday in oF of working out a commen Biigio-American policy on the ind le East, arid perhaps lesser mz: some differences in Views the Far East and other topics. The night

decisions reached Fast and the

insisted last firm proposals

spokesmen that no

thad been put forward by either

But London reports said of State An- thony ‘Nutting had told the House of Commons yesterday that the idea of some new eco- nemic aid program for the Mid- dle East was “very present in the minds” of both Eden and

eign Secretary Selwyn bya. who accompanied him te Washington

It was also reported here that Eden wants a _ reaffirmation of the 1950 \nglo¥rench- American declaration to pre vent. any change by force in Arab-Israel truce lines and a public statement of Angle Amegican willingness to use forces now in the area. includ. ing the American Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, to back f up if necessary

rhe American spokesman said divergences on the Middle East between Britain and the United ‘States were very mar row But he would not give a turther reply when asked if they had been narrowed by yesterday's talks :

The luncheon of just ever one hour was attended only by the President, Eden, Lioyd and Secretary ef State John Foster Dulles It was described as an intimat® working lunch and a genera! discussion of Soviet policies atid tactics in recent months, that is, since Eden and

See EDEN, Page 6, Col. 3

Today’s Index “a

Pages Pa 37 | Keeping Well a? 27 Kilgatien % Lippmenn ?7 Movie Guide Obit varies Parsons . Pearson

Picture Page

| Postiude /Radio-TV

Sok ofsky


Weather Women's

An 4 Child Classitred ( omics Crossw District Line Dixon Editoria’s Events Today 2 Federal Diary 2 Financial 34, : Galluo


| Nerd ock Horoscone


8.44 Ag 4) 48




Gov. Williams Thrusts at Stevenson On ‘Moderation,’ Urges Bold Program

' By Robert C, Albright Staff Reporter

| G.Mennen (Soapy) Williams, four-term Democratic Gover-

‘nor of Michigan, yesterday

ns will and again challenged Adlai EF.

Service list be nine ee ae

te iat inte

. ——


Stevenson’ stand on “modera-

Gov. itiams told a Na-

tional s Club


‘audience he is fond of Steven. /son personally, and nag as a great American, but a program of moderation will: net do.” While denying he was “criti-.

in called for a “bold, courageous” |eizing” Stevenson, Williams ‘Democratic program in 1956, singled out a speech Plavensge

made before the National Edu- cation Association last: July

an example of what he meant


by enou

t thinking in = large


Williams said the S i speech contained cellent ideas” but, supp ‘Federal program of | po a f

Tleve this was * the job,”

course See WILLIAMS, Page

f HE WASHINGTON POST and TIMES HERALD Tuesday, January 31, 1956 <Sphaga


‘Muzzling’ of Cabinet Urged by Rep. Burdick

+ > > eee . - aia

Pe ae . = aod we 7 : ; wt A 4 ws ba Cae 8 , “3 Lao dee Sagat .


a FPR EO £6 REE Ree ~— O SS SS Associated Preas

The Congressman Has the Floor

Rep. T. James Tumulty (D-N. J.) does household chores with a smile for Mrs. Andrew Ford of Jersey City, whe “won” the Congreseman’s services at a recent drawing among 1000 women. His labors were for charity, te give Mrs. Ford a chance te collect funds in Mothers’ March on Polio.

British Sale of Copper To Reds Is U. S. Worry

By Marguerite Higgins w. Y. Herald Tribune News Service

Sharp increases in British)\allies said that businessmen in

. te . = Bad ; +1 “% ? ra 1 . z .

By Frank Eleazer United Press

Rep. Usher L. Burdick, a member of the irrepressible wing of the Republican Party, ‘said yesterday “the dread hoof ‘and mouth disease” is spread- ing in President Eisenhower's Cabinet.

Referring to furors over

tements by Secretaries of Defense Charlies FE. Wilson; State, John Foster Dulles and Agriculture, Ezra T. Benson, he said “every time they open their mouths they get their foot im it.”

“In this political fly-time the President should insist that the Secretaries wear muzzies,” he said, “and I doubt that muzzies would stop the appearance of letters in the magazines under the name of a Secretary who never saw or read or signed the publication.”

Truman Cited

BPR IR ge?

Getting to Know ‘Sim plified?’ Keyboard

La Vergne Bryk of 1436 Ogden st. nw., a State Department employe, was one of a group of Government typists which began tests on typewriters equipped with the new “simplified” keyboard at the General Serv- ices Administration Building, 18th and F

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a y . ; ee sry os . oe ee eR AP ee Baas BND TAG © | : oe


United Press .

The White House yesterday|of hogs go to market at the

rejected a plea by politically| bankrupt prices that were paid

Soe ere e eee blish|/48t fall, there is no disinfect-

an emergency price-s ant that they can concoct in

program .to strengthen hog Washington that will wash the prices.


taste out of the farmers’

Presidential Assistant Sher-| mouths.” man Adams said no one has| Adams old Talle that record suggested “a practical means”! hog marketings in the past two for “supporting hog prices at\or three months caused the re- specific levels.” He added that'cent sharp decline in prices. He a hog-buying program wouldinoted that the Administration have to be accompaiied by has launched an $85-million tight production controls on'perk and .lard purchase pro- farmers. gram to help ease the situation.

Adams sent his letter of re-- “We have been encouraged jection to Rep. Henry O. Talle| by the recent substantial im- (R-lowa), who led lowa’s all-'provement in hog prices. . Republican congressional dele-/There has been an advance in gation to the White House last hog prices of more than $2 per Monday to seek bolder Govern-|100 pounds in a week,” Adams ment action te prop hog and said. cattle prices.

The delegation conferred at length with Adams and Under Secretary of Agriculture True CALGARY. Alta. Jan. 30 B. Morse. Bears in the Calgary zoo don't

Two members of the lowa hibemmate. They are moodily group—Reps. H. R. Gross and active while their cousins in the ‘Karl M. LeCompte—said they woods snooze away the winter were “disappointed.” ‘months. Zookeeper Stewart

Gross said he had warned Sluth said: “I wish they would ‘the Administration three times go to sleep. They behave just “that if they let another crop like humans with a hangover.”

By Harry Goodwin, Staff Photographer Insomnolent Bears

sts. nw., yesterday. The group’s*proficiency will be checked tater with another group using standard keyboards. Watching the operation of the simplified keyboard are Ed- mund F. Mansure, GSA Administrater, and Mrs. Lorena H. Butterfield of Arlington.

ee -

Burdick’s remarks were prompted by a letter that ap- pe in Harper’s magazine rec@fitly over Benson's name praising an anti-farmer article. The Agriculture Secretary ad- mitted he “pulled a boner” although he said an aide actu-| ally wrote the letter. Benson) emphasized he didn't agree with the article.

Rep. George H. Christopher (D-Mo.), who represents for- mer President Truman’s home| district, drew considerable laughter In the Mouse when he said Mr. Truman never denied | writing some of his famous biting letters.

Rep. Barratt O’Hara (D-IIL)' wanted to know why it was necessary for Benson to “pin| the blame on a poor little woman” in his department. |

sales of copper wire to the So- viet bloc are among the factors influencing an Administration stand to resist further pressures from United States allies, in- eluding that of visiting British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden, to increase the list of products that may be shipped behind the Iron Curtain.

Pressures, it was learned here yesterday, have increased con- siderably lately, and include re- quests from many European al- lies to take a substantial num- ber of goods, now banned for export to Red China, off the strategic list, making their ex- port behind the Asian Iron Cur- tain possible.

“The copper sales incident,” as it is called around Wash- ington, is according to top level officials but one example the way in which the United

their countries were chafing

under the restrictions of the Red trade embargo, and asked for liberalization of the list. At the time, the American repre.

sentative on the trade subcom-

mittee agreed to reduce the

embargoed list from 297 to 217

items. A number of other items, the export of which was con-

trolled in quantity only, were!

taken off the list, meaning that

the manufacturers could send

abroad as many as they could sell.

The Americans were highly reluctant to take copper wire off the strategic list on grounds that it was vital to many de- fense industries and that fur- thermore the Russians were short of it.

The British argued that, so far as defense was concerned, copper wire was only of “mar- ginal importance.” But the

States has allowed itself to be number of e xport licenses talked into a “slight liberaliza- granted to British businessmen tion” of the list of goods banned | for export of copper wire to for export behind the Iron Cur-\Russia has increased steadily. tain, only to find that once By the first of this year it was “liberalization” was an accom- estimated that nearly 200 mil- plished fact such exports were lion pounds of the copper prod-

far from slight.

In the past months, ‘the amount of copper wire—impor- tant to defense industries—| reaching the Soviet Union has! caused top level concern in this) country. |

The American side of the “sopper wire” story is _ this.| Back in the summer of 1954 a number of America’s European

uct has found its way into the Soviet Union. Evidence has been found that some of it has been transshipped into Commu- nist China.

These reports have reached such proportions that they will

shortly be studied by the spe-|

cial Senate Investigating Com- mittee headed by Sen. John L. McClellan (D-Ark.).



Losing Favor, Cain Says

Harry P. Cain said last night that loyalty-security boards are now looking far more critically at accusations from “anonymous informants.”

The farmer Republican Sen- ator from the State of Wash- ington who is now a member of the Subversive Activities! Control Board, said in a speech in Chicago:

“As Americans—let’s face the truth: If our Nation is deter- mined to permanentize the Spreading use of secret infor- gation and anonymous inform- ers against its citizens, then our Nation has forsaken the spirit of the American Revo- tution and holds in jeopardy ‘the letter of the Federal Con- mtitution as amended.”

Cain said that the use of anonymous accusers “makes ‘meaningless and misleading the

of the Attorney General” (Herbert Brownell) Jr.) that the “traditional con- <eptions of due process of law’ are used in the fight against communism.

“Let us advocate the employ- ment of expediency if we must,” Cain said caustically; “let us adopt the enemy's methods to| defend ourselves against him) if that is the only way; but, let ‘us never pretend that we are walking in the courageous, time-tested, far-reaching foot- steps of our ancestors when we) deny to any citizen an oppor: tunity to confront and question the accuser who seeks to de-| ‘stroy, defame and discredit shim.” |

Cain's newest attack on prac-) tices of the loyalty-security| program was one of a series) which the Eisenhower ap ‘frritation of many members of | the Administration. |

Last night to compound that irritation, he spoke under un-

t an “Inde- the

ers’ platform with him were Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D-II1L) and Democratic Gov. Orville Freeman of Minnesota.

Cain was a spectator at the recent Veterans Administra- tion hearing where Socialist James Kutcher, a legless World War Il veteran, faced charges that he should be denied his pension because of disloyal acts The board ruled in Kutcher’'s favor. ;

“I have never in my life,” said Cain “and hope never to be azain so distressed, angry and ashamed as | was during the two hours spent in‘ that hearing.”

“. . Those in attendarice,” he said, “were horrified to see how the process worked. They saw no accusing witnesses, they heard no cross-examination, and listened only to a statement of charges which were conspicu- ously lacking when, and where.”

in who, what,!

Rep. Clare E. Hoffman (-' Mich.) retorted that Benson is so busy answering Democratic | complaints he doesn’t have time to read his mail. |

“Looking In Vain”

Sen. Milton R. Young &- S. D.), who demanded y that Benson resign, said the farmers “have been looki in vain” for Benson to defend them against such attacks as' the Harper's article. |

Burdick said Benson's ad- mission that he pulled a boner confirms his impression that the Agriculture Secretary “is very nice, honest man” but’ “his knowledge of what te do to straighten our agriculture is on a par with what I know! about the hereafter.” |

House V otes Today On Farm Cas-Tax Bill

The House, with Democrats and Republicans trying to grab credit, tentatively approved yesterday President Eisenhow- ers request to exempt gasoline used on farms from the 2 cents a gallon Federal tax. |

Approval came on a voice’ vote with only about one-fifth of the House members on hand. | The chamber then agreed to) hold up final passage for ‘a roll call vote today to permit all farm-state Congressmen to get | their votes on record. |

The measure, one of the nine. points in Mr, Eisenhower's pro-| posed farm program, would) ‘save farmers an estimated $60 ‘million a year. The tax exemp-| tion would not apply to gaso-| ‘line used by farmers on the’ | highways. ! | Yesterday's brief debate pro- duced spirited partisan wran- gling over who should get cred- it for the move. House Demo- cratic Leader John W. McCor- mack (Mass.) put the question to Rep. Jere Cooper (D-Tenn.), floor manager for the measure.

Cooper said similar bills were introduced last year but they were opposed by the Ad- ministration. “In other words,” commented McCormack, “it amounted to a conversion.” | House Republican Leader Jo- seph W. Martin Jr. (Mass.) re-' 'torted that it was the Demo-. crats who have “had conver-| sion.” He said no effort was made to repeal the tax during 20 years of Democratic rule.

| SPECIAL NOTICE NOTICE OF SPECIAL MEETIN STOCK HOLDE ee CAN =| RITY AnD Tris? COMPANY Washington, D &| qnagets 24. 1956, Fh the Stockpolders ot the American curl ust mpany: NOTIC HEREBY GIVEN THAT pursuant to call of its | clal. meeting kholders of | American Security and Trust Company /will be et its principal effice at’ | 15th Street and Pe lvania Avenue, iN ; Wagpingien. : . on Tu y.) Pebruary 21. 1956, at 12:00 o'clock noon, ifor the purpose of considerine and

rectors. & spe-

| voting upon a proposal involving, with matters incidental reto: e adoption of she

Cain said, “We must admit’

that the use of secret informa- tion from anonymous inform- ants regarding whose reliability or competence many hearing officers have no «knowledge is an alien practice...

“IT am against the practice because I think it needlessly harms not just the individual but because it unnecessarily weakens our national security.”

“Several years ago,” he said, “the faceless informer and an- onymous accuser Was generally thought to be a reliable per- son. Many hearing boards were inclined tot accept as being true everything an anonymous source reported. In those days,

intee has been making to the | the sworn statements of the ac-

cused were often discounted. “But times change,” said Cain. mous sources and been

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