ANNALS

OF THE

CARNEGIE MUSEUM

VoL. XVII.

1926-1927

W. J. HOLLAND, Editor

Published by the Authority of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute June 1926-JuNE 1927

CARNEGIE INSTITUTE PRESS

PITTSBURGH

FOREWORD

The Seventeenth Volume of the Annals of the Carnegie Museum contains fifteen articles.

The fourth article, which is the longest, is a paper by Professor Henry Leighton of the University of Pittsburgh, upon the geology of Pittsburgh and its environs. The article is more or less popular in character and may serve as a guide to the student of local geology in determining the various horizons which are exposed to view in the region of which Pittsburgh is the metropolis. It contains in addi- tion to the purely geological portions an account of the mineral resources which occur in the strata underlying the region. It briefly outlines the story of the development of the industries of western Pennsylvania which are founded upon coal, gas, and oil. A special edition of this article has been prepared by the Trustees as a manual for use in high schools and colleges and has met with favor. The booklet has been placed upon sale at Jones’ Book Shop, 437 Wood Street, and may also be purchased at the Museum.

The fifth article by Dr. Arnold E. Ortmann is the last prepared by him for publication. It is cause for the greatest grief that the labors of this most learned and industrious student have been brought to an untimely end by his sudden death.

While not as many species new to science appear in this volume as in its immediate predecessor, it, nevertheless, contains a great deal of material which is important in fixing disputed questions of nomenclature.

As a whole, we confidently believe that the volume will be accepted by students of science as adding materially to our knowledge of the different branches of zoology, which are represented in its pages.

May 10, 1927. W. J. Holland, Editor.

Ill

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page i

Foreword iii

Table of Contents v

List of Plates vii

List of Figures in Text ix

List of Genera, Species, and Varieties New to Science, and corrections in the Names or Figures of Hitherto De- scribed Species . xi

Dates of Issue of Parts as Separates. .' xvi

Errata and Corrigenda xvii

Editorial Notes 1-3: 189-194; 365-369

Obituaries:

Douglas Stewart. By W. J. Holland 4

Ezra T. Cresson. By W. J. Holland 195

Dr. Henry T. Skinner. By W. J. Holland 197

Dr. Jacob L. Wortman. By W. J. Holland 199

Hon. John Douglas Shafer. By VV. J. Holland ,. 203

Dr. Arnold Edward Ortmann. By W. J. Holland. . . . 207

Dr. Carl H. Eigenmann. By Arthur W. Henn 409-414

L A Study of the Neotropical Finches of the Genus

Spinus, By W. E. C. Todd 11-82

H. The South American Species of the Genus Tingis

Fabricius (Hemiptera). By Carl J. Drake.. 83-85

HI. Three New Species of Rutelinse ( Coleoptera lamel- licornia) in the Carnegie Museum. By Dr.

F. Ohaus 87-89

VI

Table of Contents

IV. The Geology of Pittsburgh and its Environs. A Popular Account of the General Geologic Fea- tures of the Region. By Henry Leighton . . . 91-166

V. The Naiades of the Green River Drainage in

Kentucky. By Arnold L. Ortmann. ........ 167-188

VI. The Coprolite Limestone Horizon of the Cone- maugh Series in and around Morgantown,

West Virginia. By Paul Holland Price ..... 2 11-254

VH. The Inferior Dentition of a Young Mastodon. By

O. A. Peterson 255-257

VHL The Fresh Water Fishes of the Riukiu Islands,

Japan. By D. S. Jordan and Shigeho Tanaka 259-282

IX. A North American Oligocene Edentate. By

George Gaylord Simpson 283-298

X. The Lepidoptera named by George A. Ehrmann.

By W. J. Holland; (The Parnassiid^ by A.

Avinoff) 299-364

XL A Study of the Male Genitalia of Certain Anthi-

diine Bees. By Ruth Isensee. ............. 371-384

XIL Notes on New and Rare Fishes of the Fauna of Japan. By David Starr Jordan and Shigeho Tanaka. 385-394

XIII. The Rediscovery of Inopsetta ischyra, a Rare

Species of Flounder. By Deogracias V.

Villadolid. 395-397

XIV. Observations on Tadpoles of a Megalophrys. By

Lawrence E. Griffin. ...................... 399-401

XV. Muhlenberg’s Turtle in Western Pennsylvania.

By M. Graham Netting. .................. 403-408

INDEX. 415-432

LIST OF PLATES

I.

II.

III.

IV.

c

V.

VI.

VII.

VIII.

IX.

X.

XL

XII.

XIII.

XIV. XV.

XVL

XVII.

XVIII.

XIX.

XX.

XXL

XXII.

Geological Map of Pennsylvania.

Fossil Invertebrates found around Pittsburgh.

Fig. I, Ames limestone at Second Avenue and loth Street, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Fig. 2, Brilliant Cut-Off from Highland Park, showing Ames Limestone.

Fig. I, Top of Birmingham shale, Bigelow Boulevard. Fig. 2, Birmingham shale, Mt. Washington Tunnel, Pittsburgh.

Fig. I, Morgantown sandstone, Forbes and Braddock Avenues.

Fig. 2, Sankey Brickyard, i8th Street, Southside, Pitts- burgh.

Fig. I, Pittsburgh limestone, Ardmore Boulevard.

Fig. 2, Pittsburgh coal, Squirrel Hill near Wightman Street, Pittsburgh.

Remains of fossil plants found about Pittsburgh.

Map of Green River Drainage in Kentucky.

Hon. John Douglas Shafer, from the portrait by Mrs. James. D. Hailman.

Morgantown Quadrangle, U. S. Geological Survey. Coprolites of Fishes.

Coprolites of Fishes, continuation of PL XL Coprolites of Fishes (small and minute).

Coprolites of Fishes.

Coprolites of Fishes.

Coprolites showing burrows or borings.

Transverse Sections of Coprolites.

Coprolites and Spine.

Fossil teeth attributed to Paleoniscus.

Inferior view of teeth attributed to Diplodus.

Teeth attributed to Diplodus.

Ophiocara and Chonophorus.

vii

List of Plates

XXIII.

XXIV.

XXV.

XXVI.

XXVII.

XXVIII.

XXIX.

XXX.

XXXI.

XXXIL

XXXIII.

XXXIV.

XXXV.

XXXVI.

XXXVII.

Tridentiger and Apogon.

Epoicotherium {Xenotherium) iinicum (Douglass).

Types in Ehrmann Collection.

Types in Ehrmann Collection.

Types in Ehrmann Collection.

Types in Ehrmann Collection, etc.

Types in Ehrmann’s Collection.

Types in Ehrmann’s Collection.

Male genitalia of Anthidiinae.

Male genitalia of Anthidiinae.

Male genitalia of Anthidiinae.

Rare Fishes from Japan.

Fig. I. Inopsetta ischyra (Jordan and Gilbert).

Fig. 2. Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres).

Map showing records of the Distribution of Clemmys muhlenbergi (Schoepff).

Dr. Carl H. Eigenmann from photograph taken about

1915-

FIGURES IN TEXT

Art. IV.

Fig.

I.

Fig.

2.

Fig.

3-

Fig.

4-

Fig.

5-

Fig.

6.

Fig.

7-

Fig.

8.

Art. VI.

Fig.

Fig.

2.

Fig.

3-

Fig.

4-

Fig.

5-

Fig.

6.

Fig.

7-

Fig.

8.

Fig.

9-

Art. VIE

Fig.

I-

Fig.

2.

Art. X.

E

Fig.

I.

Fig.

2.

Fig.

3-

Art. XIV.

Fig.

I.

By Henry Leighton.

Site of Pittsburgh at time of Parker Strath.

The Rocks under Pittsburgh.

a. Section of western Pennsylvania before the Appala- chian Folding.

h. Section across Pennsylvania after the Appalachian Folding.

Geologic map of Allegheny County.

A Cross-section of Pittsburgh looking east, showing old and new river-valleys.

Section of Conemaugh Rocks at Pittsburgh.

Sketch map, showing preglacial drainage of western Pennsylvania.

Restored skeleton of Naosaurus,

By Paul Holland Price.

Columnar Section, showing position of Coprolite Lime- stone Horizon.

Digestive tracts of fishes.

Diagrammatic cross-section of coprolite of a fish.

The Short-nosed Gar-pike.

Paleoniscus peltigerus Newberry.

Restoration of Paleoniscus macropomiis.

Rhomboid scales of Ganoid fishes.

Ganoid scales.

Restored skeleton of Pleuracanthns decheni.

By O. A. Peterson.

Skiagraph of anterior milk-teeth in lower jaw of young mastodon.

Inner face of section of mandible of young mastodon.

Genitalia of Eudamidas ozema (Butl.) and Eudamidas jason (Ehrmann).

Ceryx hilda Ehrmann.

Tascia abdominalis Ehrmann.

By Lawrence E. Griffin.

Outlines of oral apparatus of tadpole of Megalophrys.

IX

LIST OF GENERA, SPECIES, AND VARIETIES NEW TO SCIENCE AND CORRECTIONS IN THE NAMES AND FIGURES OF HITHERTO DESCRIBED SPECIES, ETC.*

Class MAMMALIA (Fossil).

Order EDENTATA.

Epoicotherium gen. nov., Simpson, ior Xenotherium unicum Douglass, transferred by Simpson from Zalamhdodonta to the Edentata, and referred to Epoicotheriidse fam. nov. of Xenarthra, p. 285.

Class AVES (Viventes).

Order PASSERES Family FRINGILLID^

Genus Spinus Koch.

Spinus santcEcrucis Todd, sp. nov., p. 47; S. peruanus paulus Todd, subsp. nov., p. 51; S. magellaniciis tucumanus Todd, subsp. nov., p. 62: S. magellanicus urubambensis Todd, subsp. nov. p. 65.

Class REPTILIA Laurenti Order TESTUDINATA Oppel Family TESTUDINIDT:

Genus Clemmys Ritgen.

Clemmys muhlenbergi (Schoepff). Distribution in the eastern United States given on PI. xxxvi.

Order OPHIDIA Family CROTALIDT:

Genus Bothrops Spix

Botkrops neuwiedii holiviana, subsp. nov. Amaral, p. 368.

Class AMPHIBIA Linnaeus Order SALIENTIA Laurenti Family PELOBATIDT:

Genus Megalophrys Kuhl.

The oral parts in the tadpoles of Megalophrys sp. (?) described by L. E. Griffin, pp. 399-401.

* Names of new genera and families are printed in full-faced type.

XI

xii Genera, Species, and Varieties New to Science Class PISCES (Fossiles)

Genus Diplodus Agassiz = Dittodiis Owen, p. 228.

Class PISCES (Viventes).

Family SERRANID^.

Subfamily Anthiin^

Entonanthias Jordan and Tanaka, gen. nov. Type, Entonanthias pascalus Jordan and Tanaka, sp. nov., p. 385, PI. XXXV, fig. 2.

Family POMOCENTRIDT:

Genus Chromis Cuvier

C. villadolidi Jordan and Tanaka, sp. nov., Riukiu Archipelago, Japan, p. 387, pi. XXXIV, fig. i.

Family HEXAGRAMMIDT:

Stellistius Jordan and Tanaka, gen. nov. Type, Stellistius katsukii Jordan and Tanaka, sp. nov., p. 389, pi. XXXIV, fig. 3, Hokkaido.

Family PLEURONECTIDT:

Genus Lepidopsetta Gill

Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres) p. 396, pi. XXXV, fig. 3, Unalaska.

Genus Inopsetta Jordan and Goss.

Inopsetta ischyra (Jordan and Gilbert) p. 395, pi. XXXV, fig. i, Puget Sound.

Family GOBIID.T:

Tridentiger KuroiwcB fordan and Tanaka, sp. nov., Okinawa, p. 276, pi. XXIII, figs. 1-3.

Class INSECTA Order HEMIPTERA Family TINGITID.T Genus Tingis Fabricius.

T. silvacata Drake, sp. nov., p. 83; T. corumbiana Drake, sp. nov. p. 84.

Order COLEOPTERA.

Suborder LAM ELLl COR N EA Genus Popillia Serville.

Popillia oxypygia Ohaus, sp. nov., p. 87.

Genera, Species, and Varieties New to Science xiii Genus Leucothyreus MacLay.

Leucothyreus phytaloides Ohaus, sp. nov., p. 88; L. pygmceus Ohaus, sp. nov., p. 88.

Order LEPIDOPTERA.

Family PAPILIONID^.

Genus Papilio Linnaeus.

Papilio ampliata Menetries, p. 308, = dimorph. 9 of P. polyxenes Fabr. ; P. asterioides Reakirt, p. 310, = P. polyxenes Fabr. ; P. asterioides 9 Strecker, (non asterioides Reak.) p. 310, = P. poly- xenes ab. 9 streckeri Holland; P. troilus texanus Ehrmann, p. 313, = P. troilus ilioneus A. & S.; P. embodinus Ehrmann, Uganda, p. 313, = slight variety of P. hesperus Westwood, figured as P. hesperus in Seitz. Gr. Schmett., XIII, 1908, pi. 4b; P. mantitheus Ehrm. p. 314, = slight variety of P. nireus or P. lyceus; P. poto- monianus Ehrm., p. 314, = P. latreillanus Godt. ; P. triptolemus Ehrm., p. 314, = slight variety of P. cynorta Fabr.; P. adloni Ehrm., p. 315, = P. philetas Hew.; P. arnapes Ehrm., p. 315, = agesilaus var. conon. Hew.; P. multesilaus Ehrm., p. 315, = P. agesilaus Guer. and Perch.; P. chromealus Ehrm., p. 315, valid sp. or marked variety of P. copancB Reak.; P. cleostratus Ehrm., p. 316, slight variety of P. osyris Feld., which latter is a variety of P. anchises L. ; P. critobulus Ehrm., p. 317, = very slight variety of P. lycimenes Boisd.; P. diotimus Ehrm., p. 317, = P. protesilaus dariensis R. & J.; P. euryptolemus Ehrm., p. 317, = very slight variety of P. lycimenes paralius R. & J.; P. eversmanni Ehrm., p. 318, = P. anchises alyattes Feld.; P. hozaus Ehrm., p. 318, = variety of P. lycophron Hiibn.; P. lindeni Ehrm., p. 318, = P. archidamas Boisd.; P. klagesi 9 Ehrm., p. 318, is possibly a valid species, the male as yet unknown; the male attributed to the species by Ehrmann (Lep. II, 1919, p. 82) being a dwarfed male of P. neophilus ecbolius R. & J. ; P. melsheimeri Ehrm., p. 319, = P. erlaces Gray; P. metrobates Ehrm., p. 319, = variety of P. nymphius R. & J., which latter should probably be raised to specific rank, and not treated as a mere variety of P. rhodostictus Butler & Druce; P. morrisi Ehrm., p. 320, near P. xeniades Hew., and androna R. & J., latter a variety of P. xeniades Hew.; P. pharna- bazus Ehrm., p. 320, = P. metaphaon Butl.; P, phormisius Ehrm., p. 321, = P. sadyattes Druce; P. pyrolochus Ehrm., p. 321, = P. therodamas Felder; P. theogenus Ehrm., p. 321, = valid variety of P. anchises L. ; P. thylodilus Ehrm., p. 322, = P.photinus Doubleday; P. ziegleri Ehrm., p. 322, = P. harmodius halex R. & J.; P. zim- mermanni Ehrm., p. 322, = P. zagreus Doubleday; P. praxenus Ehrm., p. 323, = P. phaon Boisd., variety; P. echo Ehrm., p. 323, = P. bootes Westwood; P. ikusa Ehrm., p. 323, = dark summer

xiv Genera, Species, and Varieties New to Science

form of P. alcinous Klug; P. nepenthes Ehrm., p. 323, = P, phil- oxenus Gray; P. tahmourath Ehrm., p. 323, = P. agestor var. restrictus Leech; P. weinbergi Ehrm., p. 324, = slight variety of P. parinda Moore, latter a local race of P. polymnestor.

Genus Ornithoptera.

0. canihyses Ehrm., p. 324, = variety of 0. darsins Gray; 0. isis Ehrm., p. 324, = 0. darsins Gray; 0. magnifica Ehrm., p. 325, = var. of 0. amphrysus (Cram.); 0. osiris Ehrm., p. 325, = 0. papiien- sis Wallace; 0. resplendens Ehrm., p. 325, identical with or very near to 0. victorice var. Isabella R. & J.; 0. nomis Ehrm., p. 325, =

O. minos Cramer; 0. ritsemce var. tantalus Ehrm., p. 325, = 0. amphry- sus ab. cuneifera Oberthtir.

Family PARNASSIID^.

Parnassius montanus Ehrm., p. 326, = P. smmtheiis var. sayi Edwards;

P. xanthus Ehrm., p. 327, = P. smintheus var. sayi Edw.; P. polus Ehrm., p. 327, = P. smintheus var. sayi Edwards, alpine form; P. verity (verityi) Ehrm., p. 328, = nom. nov. ior P . minor V erity , but neither names should be conserved, as they merely stand for inconstant dwarfed forms; P. smintheus var, baldus Ehrm,, p. 329, = P. clodius var. kallias Ehrm., p. 329, = P. clodius Men.; P. walhberghi Ehrm., p. 329, = P. discobulus Staudinger, var. insignis, Stgr. ; Parnassius wahlbergi var. thiseus Ehrm., p. 331, = P. discobolus insignis Stgr., slightly melanic; P. imhovi Ehrm., p, 332, = P. discobulus var. insignis Stgr.; P. g07iiscus Ehrm., p. 332, = P. discobidus var. romanovi; P. ehrma7i7ii Ehrm., p. 332, = P. thibet- anus Leech.

Note Cf. p. 330; substitution by Bryk of specific name tiaiishanica Oberth. for discobulus Stgr., is uncalled for and indefensible, tianshanica being in fact name from trade-list, and Oberthtir’s description wholly inadequate.

Genus Sericinus.

S. ehrma7i7ii Ehrm., p. 333, = 5. telamoit var. moiitela Gray.

Family PIERID^.

Eurema biederma^ini Ehrm., p. 333, = Terias mexicana Boisd. ab. 9 ; Euterpia lorenza Ehrm., p. 333, = Itatallia pisonis (Hewitson); Pseudopo7itia cepheiis Ehrm., p. 334, = Leptosia alcesta (Cram.).

Family NYMPHALID.E.

Argyn7iis 77ikias Ehrm., p. 334, = A. atla7itis, slight variety with dark basal area on lower side of hind wings; Va7iessa antiopa var.

Genera, Species, and Varieties New to Science xv

grandis Ehrm., p. 334, = 9 ab. lacking blue spots on outer margin; Limenitis Ursula var. cerulea Ehrm., p. 335, = Basilarchia arthemis var. Proserpina Edwards.

Family SATYRID^.

Mycalesis erysichthon Ehrm., p. 335, probably = M. anisops Karsch.

Family LYC^NID^.

Liptena pseudo soy auxi Ehrm., p. 336, = var. vestalis Auriv. of Cupido ornatus Mabille and has priority over vestalis Auriv.; Argiolus hollandi Ehrm., p. 336, = Deudorix ccerulea H. H. Druce.

Family HESPERIID^.

Tagiades dannatti Ehrm., p. 337, valid species, not = T. lacteus Ala- bille; Achlyodes heros Ehrm., p. 337, = Eantis husiris (Cram.); Eudamus boisduvallii Ehrm., p. 337, = Lycas godarti (Latr.) = Hesperia ceraca (Hew.); Eiimesia potomoni Ehrm., p. 338, =

Echelatus potomoni Ehrm.; Goniurus cleopatra Ehrm., p. 338, = Eudamus doryssus Goniurus triptolemus Ehrm., = Euda-

mus alhimargo Mabille; Leucochitonea eiiphemie Ehrm., p. 339, =Xen- ophanes tryxus (Cram.) ; Leucochitonea janice Ehrm., p. 339, = Helio- petes petrus (Hiibner) ; Leucochitonea jason Ehrm., p. 339, = Eudami- das jason (Ehrm.), valid species, hitherto confounded with E. ozema (Butl.) from which latter it is genitalically distinct; Pamphila antenora Ehrm., p. 344, = Paracarystus hypargyra (Herr.-Schaff.) ; Pamphila elenora Ehrm., p. 344, = Coeliades duhius (Cramer) = virgo Butler; Pamphila theodora Ehrm., p. 345, = Phemiades

Propertius (Fabr.); Spathilipia agathocles Ehrm., p. 345, = Cecrop- terus neis (Geyer) ; Spathilipia isocrates Ehrm., p. 345, = Cecrop- terus aunus (Fabr.); Tele gonus fabr id Ehrm., p. 345, = T. alardus Sto\\\ Thymele borja Ehrm., p. 345, = Eudamus simplicius Stoll; Thymele guatemalaina Ehrm., p. 346, = Eudamus cholus (Ploetz) ; Thymele terracina Ehrm., p. 346, = Eudamus harpagus ¥ elder] Thy- mele thiemei Ehrm., p. 346, = Eudamus simplicius Stoll; Thymele viterboana Ehrm., p. 346, = ab. cf of Eudamus proteus.

HETEROCERA.

Family SYNTOMID^.

Syntomis hilda Ehrm., p. 347, = Ceryx hilda Ehrm., cf’; Syntomis hilda Ehrm., 9 = Ceryx seminigra Holland; Syntomis abdominalis Ehrm., p. 348, = Tascia abdominalis (Ehrm.).

Family ARCTIIDiE.

Leucarctia acrcea var. klagesii Ehrm., p. 349, = Estigmene acrcea klagesii ab. cT; Crocota belmaria Ehrm., cT, p. 350, = C. rtibricosta Ehrm., 9 , doubtfully var. form of C. opella.

XVI

Genera, Species, and Varieties New to Science

Family NOCTUID^.

Catocala denussa Ehrm., p. 350, possibly ab. of C. muliercula Guenee, or may be hybrid between C. muliercula and C. kahilis.

Family CERATOCAMPID^.

Sphingicampa smithii Ehrm., p. 351, = Adelocephala dimidiata

Herr.-Schaff.

Family PINARID^.

P achy pas nasmithii Ehrm., p. 351, = Gonometa subfascia (Walker). Family COSSIDiF^.

Prionoxystus rohinice var. quercus 9 , Ehrm. p. 352, = gynandro- morphic ab. of P. rohinice.

DATES OF ISSUES OF PARTS OF VOLUME AS SEPARATES.

Art. I, June 9, 1926.

Art. II-III, October 16, 1926.

Art. IV, October 20, 1926.

Art. V, November 6, 1926.

Art. VI-IX, April 20, 1927.

Art. X, April 29, 1927.

Art. XI-XV, June 27, 1927

ERRATA AND CORRIGENDA.

p. i8i, 13th line from bottom, for “Lampsiis,” read Lampsilis. p. 186, lOth line from top, for Carunculiana" read Carunculina. p. 191, 8th line from top, for “Petrograd,” read Russia, p. 203, 9th line from top, for ‘'Dec. 6,” read Dec. 5. p. 205, 9th line from top, for “June 20,” read June 25. p. 228, loth line from bottom, for ^^divirgens," read diver gens. p. 261, nth line from bottom, for Menoptere,'' read Monoptere. p. 302, 2nd line from top, for Mycalsis," read Mycalesis. p. 302, last line, for “P. asterias," read P. asterius.

P- 303> 13th line from top, for Tahmourath,” read tahmourath. p. 303, 3rd line from bottom, for guatemalana, read guatemalaina. p. 305, 13th line from bottom, for “throgenus,"' read theogeniis. p. 308, 19th and 17th lines from bottom for P. philoxenes Fabricus = Asterius Fabricius” read P. polyxenes Fabricius = asterius Stoll.

p. 308, 3rd line from bottom, for ''asterius Fabricius,” read asterius Cramer.

p. 309, top line, for “gymandromorph,” read gynandromorph. p. 314, loth line from bottom, for “Aurio,” read Auriv. p. 316, 15th line from top, for “nervule,” read nervules. p. 322, 13th line from top, for “synonymy,” read synonym, p. 328, 6th line from top. for "dimuntive' read diminutive.

P- 337> 3rd line from top, for “Triman” read Trimen.

P- 337» 7th line from bottom, for " Achylodes," read Achlyodes. p. 341, 7th line from bottom, for " Budamidas jason," read Eudamidas jason.

xvii

Serial No. 130

Publications of the Cariiegie Museum

ANNALS

OF THE

CARNEGIE MUSEUM

VoL. XVII. No. 1.

June-November, 1926

For sale by Messrs. Wheldon & Wesley, Ltd., 2-4, Arthur St., New Oxford St., London, W. C. 2, England: Messrs. R. Friedlander u. Sohn, II Carlstrasse, Berlin, N. W. 6, Germany: Maruzen Company, Ltd., 1 1-16, Nihonbashi, Tori-Sanchome, Tokyo, Japan: and at the Carnegie Museum, Schenley Park, Pittsburgh, Penna., U. S. A.

\ "t?'

The dates at which the parts of this number were dis- tributed as separates are the following:

Obituary of Douglas Stewart . . . . . , .June 8, 1926.

I . A Study of the Neotropical Finches, &c. By W. E.

Clyde Todd June 9, 1926.

2 . The South American Species of the genus Tingis, &c.

By Carl J. Drake. Oct. 10, 1926.

3. Three New Species of Rutelinae, &c. By Dr. F.

Ohaus Oct. 10, 1926.

4. The Geology of Pittsburgh and its Environs, &c.

By Henry Leighton . . .Oct. 20, 1926.

5. The Naiades of the Green River Drainage in Ken- tucky. By Arnold E. Ortmann Nov. 6, 1926.

-V.

ANNALS

OF THE

CARNEGIE MUSEUM

VOLUME XVII, PART 1.

Editorial Notes.

This part of the Annals is prepared and sent forth under the shadow of a great sorrow, which has deeply touched not only the entire force of the Museum, but a great multitude of persons in the city of Pittsburgh. On April 21st at half-past six, Dr. Douglas Stewart, the Director of the Museum, was suddenly taken from us. Elsewhere there will appear in these pages a record of his life.

The Thirtieth Celebration of Founder’s Day was celebrated at the Carnegie Institute on Thursday, April the 29th. The principal addresses on this occasion were made by Sir Arthur William Currie, who during the World War was the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armies and is at present the Principal of McGill University in Montreal. His theme was “Our Inheritance from Scottish Education.” He was followed by the Honorable William Green, President of the American Federation of Labor. The title of his address was “The Dream of Labor.” The festivities, which usually mark such an occasion, in view of the recent death of Dr. Stewart were abandoned. The President and Secretary and a few of the officers of the Board of Trustees and of the staffs of the Museum and Department of Fine Arts met the speakers of the day informally at dinner before their departure from the city on late trains.

The sympathies of his innumerable friends go out to Dr. David Starr Jordan in view of the tragic death of his son, Eric Knight Jordan, who was killed in an automobile accident on March loth, 1926.

1

2

Annals of the Carnegie Museum.

He was born on September 27, 1903, and was therefore in the twenty-fourth year of his age. He leaves a widow, Elizabeth Roper Jordan, a bride of only a month.

The first part of Vol. X, of the Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum, published in December, 1922, was A List of the Fishes of Hawaii, with Notes and Descriptions of New Species, in the preparation of which Eric Knight Jordan collaborated with his distinguished father.

His death suddenly terminates a career of brilliant promise. To Dr. David Starr Jordan, his household, and to Mrs. Eric Knight Jordan, their friends in the Carnegie Museum express their deepest and most sincere sympathy.

It is a pleasure to note that at the Forty-third Stated Meeting of the American Ornithologists’ Union the Brewster medal ‘for the most meritorious work on American birds published during the last six years’ was awarded to W. E. Clyde Todd of Pittsburgh, Pa., and M. A. Carriker of Santa Marta, Colombia, for their joint work on The Birds of the Santa Marta Region, Colombia, published in 1922 as Vol. XIV of the Annals of the Carnegie Museum.

Mr. Ernest G. Holt on the first of March went to British Honduras to collect birds for the Carnegie Museum. He returned on May i8th, and reports that he was very successful in securing material for a group of Red-footed Boobies, nests, and eggs, the acquisition of which was the principal object of the trip.

Mr. John B. Semple, that most generous friend of the Museum, has arranged to finance and lead an expedition to the region of Hudson Bay for the purpose of continuing the explorations, which, begun in 1901, have been since intermittently continued with most excellent results. Mr. Semple will be accompanied by Mr. Todd, our Curator of Ornithology, and Mr. George Miksch Sutton, formerly a member of the staff of the museum, and for some time past State Ornithologist of Pennsylvania.

Mr. LeRoy Kay, who spent the winter in the Paleontological Laboratory of the Museum, has returned to Utah and will be engaged during the coming summer in making collections particularly in the

Editorial Notes.

3

field of paleontology. He will endeavor to continue the work, which last year was successfully begun by him in the region of Brown’s Park.

Mr. Bernard Krautwurm, who spent a couple of months in Florida this spring, returned to the Museum with a very large collection of insects, including about nine thousand coleoptera. He also brought with him a large number of the lepidoptera of Florida, among them a number of rarities, some of them hitherto not represented in the Museum. His collection is being prepared for systematic study.

The Director Emeritus, assisted by Mr. Hugo Kahl, has been engaged at odd moments in rearranging the species representing the genera Argynnis and Brenthis contained in the various collections which are the property of the Director Emeritus, and the Museum. The preliminary arrangement reveals the fact that almost all of the species and sub-species belonging to these two genera are represented in the Carnegie Museum, in many cases by long series of specimens, includ- ing of course types of all the species named and described by the late William H. Edwards and some other authors. A monographic paper upon this group is being prepared, in which an endeavor will be made to resolve some of the tangled synonymy which prevails, as is revealed in a number of recent publications.

Dr. and Mrs. William B. Wood have loaned some portions of their very extensive collection of Japanese works of art including paintings, porcelains, and articles of inlaid ware, and they are now on exhibition.

The collection of insects and the entomological library of the late George A. Ehrman bequeathed by him to the Carnegie Museum has been turned over to the institution by the executors of his estate. At the moment they are being packed and prepared for transportation to the Laboratory of Entomology. The collection is contained in over two hundred and fifty glass-topped drawers and numerous boxes. There are in the neighborhood of five hundred titles in the library, which is that of a working lepidopterist. Among the books are a few sets of journals and periodicals, which are difficult to obtain today in complete condition.

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Annals of the Carnegie Museum.

OBITUARY.

Douglas Stewart.

As the sun was setting, on April 21, 1926, Douglas Stewart, Director of the Carnegie Museum, died at his home, 5816 Solway Street, Pitts- burgh, in the fifty-third year of his age. He left the Museum at five o’clock on the evening of Thursday, April 15th, apparently in good health and spirits. On the following morning a message was received from his home that he was suffering from a slight illness and would not be at his office, but would probably return to his desk on the following day. No particular apprehension was felt by his family or friends, until the night of the 20th, when alarming symptoms suddenly developed. The best medical talent in the city was quickly summoned in consultation, but, in spite of all that scientific knowledge and skill could do, he passed away, his heart refusing to respond to all the means employed to stimulate and maintain its action. His sudden death was a shock to his family and to the great company of his friends and associates to whom he had greatly endeared himself.

Douglas Stewart was born in the city of Pittsburgh on July 15, 1873. His father was the late David Alexander Stewart, who died on December 13, 1888. His mother was Nancy Scott. His father was a nephew of the late Col. Thomas A. Scott, who was early identi- fied with the affairs of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and for many years was its President. Mr. Stewart’s father was one of the earliest partners? of Mr. Andrew Carnegie and at the time of his death was Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Carnegie Steel Company. A close intimacy between the families of the Scotts, Stewarts, and the two brothers, Andrew and Thomas Carnegie, existed from early days.

Douglas Stewart was prepared for college at the Shadyside Academy, Pittsburgh, and under private tutors, one of whom was Samuel Black McCormick, then a student in the Western Theological Semi- nary and at present Chancellor Emeritus of the University of Pitts- burgh. Mr. McCormick drilled his pupil in Greek and mathematics. Young Stewart entered Yale College and graduated in the year 1896 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. While in college he enjoyed great popularity with his fellow-students, took an active part in athletic sports, and was the leader of the Yale Mandolin Club, touring the country with them in his Junior year.

Obituary: Douglas Stewart.

5

After graduation he went abroad with his widowed mother. Together they traveled leisurely for two years, visiting most of the countries of western Europe and going as far as Egypt, where they made a somewhat lengthy stay. At this time young Stewart became deeply interested in archeology. The impressions he received and the impulse to study the memorials of the ancient civilization of Egypt never were lost.

Upon his return from abroad he approached his friend, Mr. Andrew Carnegie, with the suggestion that possibly he might find a field of useful effort in the great industrial establishments of which his father had been one of the founders. Mr. Carnegie laughingly told him that a young gentleman of his tastes and education would not find a rolling- mill or a blast-furnace a congenial spot in which to develop himself, but added: “You have the training and the tastes which will fit you to find employment in a museum, and I will give you a note of intro- duction to my friend. Dr. Holland, who will kindly receive you.” Accordingly one morning, late in September, 1898, young Stewart accompanied by his dear mother, presented himself, bearing a jocular note of introduction from Mr. Carnegie. Parenthetically it may be said that an “introduction” was scarcely necessary, as I had known my visitor from his childhood. I told him, that although he was a graduate of Yale, he had everything to learn in regard to the adminis- tration of museums. I informed him that his services would at first be of but little value to the institution, but that, if he would keep regular hours, diligently apply himself, and prove his capacity, I had no doubt he might ultimately rise to be the ranking officer of the institution. I told him I needed a young man at my elbow to aid me in my work and that he should be that man. He good-naturedly accepted the position I offered him, and on October i, 1898, his long term of apprenticeship began. He grew steadily in knowledge and usefulness. His wide acquaintance was steadily enlarged and he proved himself an eminently tactful and satisfactory agent in establishing relations between a man who was overwhelmed with work and the great army of those who discover real or imaginary reasons for consulting him. The Carnegie Museum from its inception has been undermanned. While it has achieved for itself an enviable reputation as a center of scientific research and educational work, as was the purpose of its founder, it has done so, not because of the means at its command, but because of the persistent and untiring

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Annals of the Carnegie Museum.

efforts of the few, who in the face of great odds and perpetual dis- couragement have “carried on.” To this success Mr. Stewart con- tributed by his cooperation with his Chief. But I am anticipating.

On April 22, 1902, Mr. Stewart was happily married to Miss Agnes Dickson, a gentle lady, whom he had known from his child- hood, and to whom in fact he had become engaged while still a student at Yale. She belonged, as did her husband, to one of the oldest and most excellent families in western Pennsylvania. He was granted leave of absence from the Museum for as long a time as he might choose, and the summer of that year was spent by the young couple in European travel.

Returning in the fall, he resumed his place at the Museum in the same room with the writer of these lines. It was a period of develop- ment and transition. Mr. Carnegie had announced his intention to enlarge the Department of the Museum and the Department of Fine Arts, as well as the Library. He had given $5,000,000 for new build- ings. Innumerable questions of detail had to be decided by the heads of the three major departments and the architects in charge of planning and construction. When at last the new quarters were ready for occupancy, the task of transferring the collections from the old to the new quarters had to be accomplished. In all this work, which finally was happily consummated in 1907, Douglas Stewart stood by his chief loyally and efficiently, aiding him in the under- takings which every day created, and which at times sorely taxed the energies of the small and willing staff of the institution.

Mr. Carnegie had at the outset determined that attention should be given by the museum to paleontological inquiries in the western country. The work had been commenced in 1898, and necessitated a number of journeys by the writer to the fossil-fields of the western states. During many of these absences Mr. Stewart was left in charge of the routine of the office and attended with fidelity to the various duties devolving upon him. There never was a time when his chief was not kept fully informed as to what was going on “at home,” and was not in a position to intelligently direct the labors which were being performed in the various laboratories of the institution. There came a later time, from 1905 onward, when Mr. Carnegie found pleasure in presenting to the national museums of Europe replicas of the huge reptile which had been discovered in Wyoming, the Diplodocus, a monster which it has been said “made paleontology popular.” During the journeys, which

Obituary: Douglas Stewart.

7

the installation of these replicas compelled the writer to make, Mr. Stewart took charge of the main office and all went well.

While a student at Yale, Stewart had taken a special course in mineralogy under Professor Edward S. Dana. It was natural for him to feel an interest in this subject and he was accordingly placed in charge of the collections of minerals in the Museum. In the year 1905 Mr. Carnegie was led to purchase for the Museum the famous mineralogical collection of the late Dr. W. W. Jefferis. It was located at Westchester, Pennsylvania, and thither the writer went with Stewart to pack it and bring it to the Museum. We made our home most of the time in Philadelphia and daily repaired at an early hour to Westchester, where in our overalls we worked until late in the evening for many days. The specimens, many thousands of them, were each wrapped in soft paper with the accompanying label and placed in boxes, which gradually piled up about us. Compelled to return to Pittsburgh, I left Mr. Stewart to complete the work, after having arranged with Mr. A. J. Cassatt, the President of the Pennsyl- vania Railroad Company to have two freight cars sent to Westchester to carry the plunder to Pittsburgh. Mr. Cassatt generously granted us free transportation. Many specimens had been loaned by Dr. Jefferis to Professor Dana for representation in his Manual of Mineralogy, and it was a delight to Stewart to handle these things, with which he was familiar through the pictures of them, which he had often seen in his well-thumbed copy of Dana’s text-book. When the consignment reached the museum and the cabinets in which to display them had been built, Stewart was in his element and took the greatest pride and exercised the greatest care in their arrangement. I think his work in this connection afforded him one of the greatest pleasures of his life.

His archeological tastes found congenial expression in aiding in the arrangement and display of the very large archeological and ethno- logical collections which we succeeded in gradually amassing. Here, as in the section of mineralogy, he was given a free hand, and provod himself an interested, willing, and efficient collaborator.

And so the years rolled on. His position in the confidence and affection of all those about him advanced as time slipped by.

In 1917, when the clouds of war were dark over the earth, he asked and received leave of absence from his employment, that he might serve his country. He went to Washington with his family

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Annals of the Carnegie Museum.

and became Associate Director (later Director) of the American Red Cross, "in charge of prisoners’ relief.” His success as an adminis- trator was most highly appreciated. At the close of the war he was asked to take charge of the work of the American Red Cross in Europe, and wind up across seas the unfinished business which required attention. After mature deliberation he declined this offer and returned to the Museum, his title being changed from Assistant to the Director to that of Assistant Director. At this time he con- sented to aid his chief in the management of the affairs of the Belgian Consulate for Western Pennsylvania, which had been undertaken for the period of the war as a free-will service to "suffering Belgium.” He was accordingly appointed Chancellor of the Consulate, and helped to bear some of the burden of this work, until the resignation of the then Consul was finally accepted in the fall of the year 1921, though tendered eighteen months before.

The writer of these lines having been made Director Emeritus of the Museum in June, 1922, Air. Stewart became his successor as Director. Almost his entire active life up to that time had been spent in the Aluseum, and he was familiar with every detail of the work which had been done and which had been proposed. He slipped without any friction whatever into the place to which he had been chosen by the Trustees of the Institute, and it was anticipated that long years of eminent usefulness were before him. He addressed himself with enthusiasm to the work in hand, but felt at the outset and continuously thereafter, as all connected with the institution had felt, the strain which arose from the inadequacy of the means available for carrying on the ever-growing enterprise. He was instant in season and out of season, and performed tasks which called in reality for the services of two men rather than one. The burden of petty details grew with time. He endeavored to be "all things to all men,” and often, though apparently strong and vigorous, labored far beyond his strength. His successful administration was an open book to all who cared to see, and he never complained, although during the last two years of his life he frequently expressed himself as being "exceed- ingly tired.”

In June, 1924, he received the honorary degree of